Soft acne scars have gentle sloping rolled edges that merge with the surrounding skin. They are usually small, circular or linear in shape, and soft to the touch. Atrophic macules, a form of acne scarring most common in Caucasians, are soft with a slightly wrinkled base. Blood vessels just below the surface of the scar may make them appear purplish when they are recent, but this discoloration may fade over time to a pale ivory. Atrophic macules are usually small when they occur on the face, but may be a centimeter or larger elsewhere on the body.
Follicular macular atrophy is more likely to occur on the chest or back of a person with acne. These small, soft white lesions resemble whiteheads that didn't fully develop; they may persist for months or years. In summary, acne scars are caused by the body's inflammatory response to acne lesions. The best way to prevent scars is to treat acne early, and as long as necessary. If scars form, a number of effective treatments are available. BIOSKINCARE is very effective in helping to prevent scars by treating acne at the source and it is very effective in repairing acne scars by helping both to stimulate new skin cell formation when the skin has been damaged and to speed up the process of scar maturation.
A decision to seek dermatologic surgical treatment for acne scars also depends on: The way you feel about scars. Do acne scars psychologically or emotionally affect your life? Are you willing to "live with your scars" and wait for them to fade over time? These are personal decisions only you can make. The severity of your scars. Is scarring substantially disfiguring, even by objective assessment? A dermatologist's expert opinion as to whether scar treatment is justified in your particular case, and what scar treatment will be most effective for you. Dermabrasion.
This is thought to be the most effective treatment for acne scars. Under local anesthetic, a high-speed brush or fraise used to remove surface skin and alter the contour of scars. Superficial scars may be removed altogether, and deeper scars may be reduced in depth. Dermabrasion does not work for all kinds of scars; for example, it may make ice-pick scars more noticeable if the scars are wider under the skin than at the surface.
In darker-skinned people, dermabrasion may cause changes in pigmentation that require additional treatment. Laser resurfacing (or laser blemish removal) may be used to treat serious acne scars. The treatment is completed by the doctor or dermatologist, in his surgery. The laser removes the top layer of skin (including the damage caused by the acne), leaving the skin smooth. The procedure can be completed within a few minutes, but some treatments will take up to an hour. After the treatment, it will take up to ten days for the skin to completely heal.
Skin Surgery. Some ice-pick scars may be removed by "punch" excision of each individual scar. In this procedure each scar is excised down to the layer of subcutaneous fat; the resulting hole in the skin may be repaired with sutures or with a small skin graft. Subcision is a technique in which a surgical probe is used to lift the scar tissue away from unscarred skin, thus elevating a depressed scar.
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